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Wednesday, March 31, 2010

Pills for Diabetes

Types of pills for Diabetes

Several types of pills are prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes:

Metformin helps reduce LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and is not associated with weight gain, and is the only antidiabetic drug that has been conclusively shown to prevent the cardiovascular complications of diabetes. As of 2010, metformin is one of only two oral antidiabetics in the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines (the other being glibenclamide).

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors prevent the breakdown of starches, such as bread, potatoes, and pasta in the intestine. They also slow the breakdown of some sugars. Their action slows the rise in blood glucose levels after a meal.

Biguanides reduce the amount of sugar produced by the liver and make muscle tissue more sensitive to insulin so that sugar can be absorbed.

DPP-4 inhibitors help improve A1C without causing low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). They work by preventing the breakdown of a naturally occurring compound in the body.

Sulfonylureas and meglitinides stimulate the beta cells in the pancreas to release more insulin. Example of medcine that contain / categorized as sulfonylureas is Gliclazide 

Thiazolidinediones help insulin work better in the muscle and fat and also reduce the liver’s sugar production. They target insulin resistance.

Lovastatin is in a class of medications called HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors ( a member of the drug class of statins) used for lowering cholesterol (hypolipidemic agent) in those with hypercholesterolemia and so preventing cardiovascular disease. Lovastatin is a naturally occurring drug found in food such as oyster mushrooms and red yeast rice. It works by slowing the production of cholesterol in the body. As bad diabetes's blood which is high in sugar could cause damage to blood vessels wall then increase the risk for cardiovascular disease, lovastatin normally prescribed to diabetes patient to reduce the risk. It is advisable to use lovastatin together with lifestyle changes (diet, weight-loss, exercise) to reduce the amount of cholesterol (a fat-like substance) and other fatty substances in the blood.

Diabetes pills don't work for everyone. Although you may find that your blood glucose levels go down when you start taking pills, your blood sugar levels may not reach the normal range.
What are the chances that diabetes pills will work for you? Your chances are good if you developed diabetes recently or have needed little or no insulin to keep your blood glucose levels near normal. This information of pills for diabetes is for my personal record and future reference

For record - pills taken during treatment:
Erythromycin Ethylsuccinate 400mg tab 2 times per day before meal - Antibiotic - April 2011
Unasyn (Sultamicilin 375) 2 times per day after meal - Antibiotic
Prolase 10,000 units tab 2 pills 3 times per day (chew / sip) - (anti swell)

Other Medicines
Curiosin - gel to strengthen skin 
Dermacyn - an antiseptic mixture used to clean diabetes wound. unlike iodine and eusol, Dermacyn have no colouring and harsh ingredient  thus it will not prohibit flesh formation.

Remember, medicine is just part of your treatment

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